In Axminster weaving, the pile is woven in, a row of tufts at a time. The tufts are "U" shaped and are anchored at the bottom by the backing materials.
Axminster weaving has been used mostly for multi-coloured carpet, as the method allows a wide range of colours to be used.
Wilton weaving is used largely for plain carpet and patterned carpet with up to maximum five colours. With Wilton, the pile and backing materials are closely interwoven. This produces a high density carpet.
Variations on the Wilton weaving method include "carved pile" carpet, loop pile and face to face weaving, where the material is woven as a sandwich and slit after weaving.
The materials used in tufted carpet are basically the same as in woven carpet but the form of construction is completely different and this is where it makes the difference.
The carpet tufting process can produce many different effects. There are also various methods of printing designs on to plain tufted carpet.
Bonding is a relatively recent carpet manufacturing process. The pile fibre is bonded to pre-made backing in which this eliminates fraying and gives a smooth surface.
This kind of carpet is usually made in plain colours.
Types of Carpets
Colour and Effects
Colour and Room Lighting
Ordinary domestic bulb lighting can make certain colours appear different from how they look in daylight or under fluorescent lighting.
Red and yellow shades viewed under domestic lighting will often be intensified, the effect can be quite noticeable. On the other hand bulb lighting will reduce the "strength" of the blues.
Certain colours have a marked effect of how rooms can look. Good examples are reds and browns. These will often add "warmth" to a room whilst certain shades of blue and green will have a "cooling" effect.
Generally, plain light coloured carpet can make a room seem larger than it's actually is. Dark colours sometimes have the opposite effect, but to a lesser extent.
However attractive the design, you would be very unlikely to buy a carpet if the colour wasn't right. The design can either make a major contribution to the overall effect, or it can be merely means of incorporating a number of colours in a pleasing arrangement.
Colour and Design Points
A patterned carpet will show soiling less than a plain carpet. It is a fact that soiling will be more remarkable with light colours, and this applies also to light areas in patterned carpet. Shading and crushing are more common with smooth pile carpet than with twist pile or coarse textured materials.
Light coloured plain carpet sometimes shows a " shading" effect. This also depends from the "silkiness" of the pile material, footprints will show on velvet-pile carpets, and also depending on the length of pile, and locations in a room - where people change direction to turn a corner or go through a doorway, for instance - areas of the pile will bend in a different direction from the surroundings pile and this will result in the light, whether natural or artificial, giving a different optical effect.
Care and Maintenance for your Carpets
Care and maintenance during the life of the carpet is a case of "little and often" but with prompt action in dealing with spillages.
The stain removal methods indicated below should remove most of the stains referred to. However, if any stain does not respond to treatment, you should seek professional carpet cleaner advise.
Blot with clean, white absorbent material. When excess liquid has been removed, shampoo with a reputable dry foam carpet shampoo, making sure you do not over-wet the carpet.
Sponge the stain with a household dry-cleaning fluid according to the maker's instructions. DO NOT SOAK as this might damage the PVC backing. OPEN WINDOWS AND LET THE ROOM AIR THOROUGHLY.
Sponge gently with a solution of one part white vinegar to three parts of water. Leave for 15 minutes, then sponge clear with clean water. Soak up the excess water.